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Everything You Will Need to Know About Pregnancy Ultra Sound

Ultra sound is a process whereby ultrasonic waves are used mostly for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes by getting images on internal organs and generation of localized heat to the body tissues. Furthermore, ultrasound can be used to monitor the fetus during pregnancy. Pregnancy ultra sound is the process of obtaining an image of the fetus through measuring vibrations returned as the device used emits high-frequency sound waves.

A sound, also referred to as a sonogram, is invited to pregnant women to track the developing fetus as well the woman’s reproductive organs. The number of times to carry out a sonogram varies from one pregnancy to another. One of the explanations to get a pregnancy ultra sound is to display for any complications that may be arising so that they may be taken care of. There are different types of ultra sound ranging from the standard to more advanced ones such as 3-D ultra sound and 4-D ultrasound.

Why a Pregnancy Ultra Sound?

Sonograms are carried out through the different trimesters of pregnancy for a variety of reasons but can also be discouraged if there is not any medical advantage. But if from the previous blood test, a problem was detected, your doctor can order for more ultra sounds. Some parents, from curiosity use ultra sound to find out the sex of the child before birth.

During the first trimester, ultrasounds are done to confirm pregnancy, check the fetal heartbeat and to diagnose miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Furthermore, they are utilized to ascertain the old age of the fetus and predict its own due date and check for the chance of multiple pregnancies.

During the second and third trimesters which starts from twelve weeks to birth, ultrasounds are used to monitor the development of the fetus and its position, determine the sex of the baby, monitor the levels of amniotic fluid and the length of the cervix as well as to detect any arising abnormalities.

Different Types of Ultra Sound

Transabdominal ultra solid

This is the most common with pregnancies and a full bladder is advised since sound waves travel faster in liquid. You lay down for around twenty minutes on your back as your provider applies a thin layer of gel on your belly to aid sound waves to move easily as you try to get the image.

Transvaginal ultrasound

The difference of a transvaginal sonogram from the previous one is that the provider moves a transducer into the birth canal as you lie on your back.

There are also sonograms carried out on special cases as explained below.

3-D ultrasound

3-D ultra sound involves taking a thousand pictures at once taking a 3-D image that is clearer almost like a picture. It is used to ensure normal growth of the baby and sometimes for to find out of any issues with the uterus.

4-D ultra solid

4-D ultra sound does not have any much difference with the 3-D ultrasound however its advanced since it reveals the infant’s movements in a movie.

Fetal echocardiography

A fetal echocardiography is carried out if your doctor detects some heart defects in your baby. It takes time as compared to the traditional ultra sounds. It is in a position of catching the heart constructions of the infant and helps analyze the hearts’ functioning thus diagnosing any heart issues.