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Diabetes and Diabetic Care: Understanding the Importance of Monitoring Blood Glucose Levels

Since your doctor already told bad news that you have diabetes, then it’s time to make few changes to your habits and overall lifestyle, and you probably have to use a small device called blood glucose meter. What are the importance of using a blood glucose monitor? Let us talk about it.

Diabetes is a chronic disease affecting glucose or sugar metabolism, wherein the pancreas cannot produce insulin as seen in type 1 diabetes, or it cannot produce enough insulin in type 2 diabetes, resulting in inappropriate breakdown of insulin. Diabetes requires a lifelong blood glucose monitoring, medication, and healthy lifestyle such as having healthy eating habits, weight loss and increased physical activity. In type 1 diabetes, the patient needs to take insulin injections for life, and for type 2 diabetes, you will be required to eventually have to take oral medication and via insulin injection in some situations.

Patients may not feel particular symptoms or notice any signs, not until they experience hyperglycemia or too high blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia or too low blood sugar levels. High levels of blood glucose or hyperglycemia may lead to several complications of diabetes such as myocardial infarction or heart attack, stroke, kidney problems that may require dialysis, eye problems like blindness, erectile dysfunction and problems with blood circulation, which may lead to amputation. So it is advisable to monitor and control your blood glucose levels using a reliable and good quality blood glucose meter to minimize the serious risk of hyperglycemia. Blood sugar monitoring using a reliable blood glucose meter is a crucial part of diabetes management, allowing patients to study and integrate the impact of different diabetes care measures to control diabetes, such as losing weight, changing diet, doing exercise or any physical activity and medication intake.

There are many types of blood glucose meters available in the market today, from basic models to more advanced versions, offering various features such as memory for storing information. The cost of blood glucose meter and blood test differs, and your insurance may not always cover these, so there are things you must take into consideration before buying your own blood glucose meter, to get your money’s worth. Thus, you need to consider the cost, your doctor’s suggestion, ease of use, length of time to read and show the result, maintenance, and special features. Special features of some blood glucose meters include audio capability for people with visual impairment, back light screens to aid low-light visibility, memory to store readings, various handling capabilities such as having a USB meter or strips stored in meters, and ability to test blood ketone levels.